It was an appealing and apparently convincing message. That is, direct and explicit instructions to think outside the box did not help.
Would you like to guess the percentage of the participants in the second group who solved the puzzle correctly? The idea went viral via s-era media and word of mouth, of course. Management consultants in the s and s even used this puzzle when making sales pitches to prospective clients.
Because the solution is, in hindsight, deceptively simple, clients tended to admit they should have thought of it themselves.
In other words, the difference could easily be due to what statisticians call sampling error. There seemed to be no end to the insights that could be offered under the banner of thinking outside the box.
Both teams followed the same protocol of dividing participants into two groups. Indeed, the concept enjoyed such strong popularity and intuitive appeal that no one bothered to check the facts.
Speakers, trainers, training program developers, organizational consultants, and university professors all had much to say about the vast benefits of outside-the-box thinking.
The symmetry, the beautiful simplicity of the solution, and the fact that 80 percent of the participants were effectively blinded by the boundaries of the square led Guilford and the readers of his books to leap to the sweeping conclusion that creativity requires you to go outside the box. Only 20 percent managed to break out of the illusory confinement and continue their lines in the white space surrounding the dots.
Guilford was one of the first academic researchers who dared to conduct a study of creativity. They are much more common than you probably think. In the s, however, very few were even aware of its existence, even though it had been around for almost a century. Overnight, it seemed that creativity gurus everywhere were teaching managers how to think outside the box.
In fact, only a meager 25 percent did. Or so their consultants would have them believe. No one, that is, before two different research teams —Clarke Burnham with Kenneth Davis, and Joseph Alba with Robert Weisberg—ran another experiment using the same puzzle but a different research procedure.
Today many people are familiar with this puzzle and its solution. If you have tried solving this puzzle, you can confirm that your first attempts usually involve sketching lines inside the imaginary square.
The correct solution, however, requires you to draw lines that extend beyond the area defined by the dots. Most people assume that 60 percent to 90 percent of the group given the clue would solve the puzzle easily.
In the early s, a psychologist named J. But you will find numerous situations where a creative breakthrough is staring you in the face.
SHARE Although studying creativity is considered a legitimate scientific discipline nowadays, it is still a very young one.
Solving this problem requires people to literally think outside the box. He challenged research subjects to connect all nine dots using just four straight lines without lifting their pencils from the page.
The second group was told that the solution required the lines to be drawn outside the imaginary box bordering the dot array. That this advice is useless when actually trying to solve a problem involving a real box should effectively have killed off the much widely disseminated—and therefore, much more dangerous—metaphor that out-of-the-box thinking spurs creativity.Fish disks 1 - - Amiga-Stuff main index Back.
Thinking Outside the Box: A Misguided Idea The truth behind the universal, but flawed, catchphrase for creativity. Posted Feb 06, Sep 01, · Research Resources. A Subject Tracer™ Information Blog developed and created by Internet expert, author, keynote.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.Download