In conclusion, the eclectic educator will find much to use from both theories, the behavioral and the person-centered. The learner herself evaluates it. In a world in which there are many neuroses some of these will be really fine neuroses and will call them works of art or works of genius.
Rogers compares experiential, whole-person learning against an atomized type of learning. I hold this perspective as a fruitful one in my work as a scientist, but not a s total world view and find it inadequate as a view point toward all of man. People are reduced to automatons, the very opposite of the richly internal individuals of his own psychology.
Freedom does not really exist. It is the experts that define the ideal state of what is good and then determine how people must achieve these state or conditions of living and learning.
Skinner, a pragmatist, values what works. Skinner and I agree on the view of a vast untapped potential in the human organism though we might have different pathways to it. The time has come when this issue must be taken out of the realm of philosophical discussion and deliberately faced.
There was a crazy interelation though. Choosing between behavioral and person-centered models, the educator may wish to assess the amount of choice available to the student and the rigidity of the learner outcomes.
Rogers, an existentialist, believes that behavior is dependent on human choice and free will. I am concerned with arriving at the conception of the individual, which is one we accept, find useful and find dignified and worthwhile, yet which is compatible with the approach of a nature or social science of human behavior.
A 21st Century Perspective. On the other hand, Carl Rodgers defines man as an experiencing person that only reacts to the phenomenology or world experiences. This comes up in the case of education, P Control and Freud Freud hopes to find within the individual the source of a pattern of life that is not imposed from the outside a self.
According to Rogers, children will learn when the curriculum has personal meaning and the learning is significant and experiential P.
The openness of the Humanists infected the technology of the computers creating the Internet Wednesday, April 20, Carl Rogers: Desirable taught behaviors must be constructed in advance.
As for geography, literature, the sciences--we give our children opportunity and guidance, and they learn them for themselves [italics mine].
Skinner the great behaviourist passionately debated one another. F Skinner are some prominent figures who were responsible for the growth of behaviorism.It will discuss the works of John Watson, B.F.
Skinner, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers.
Lastly, it will cover the similarities between these two fields of study and how they have influenced psychology today. Carl Rodgers and B.F. Skinner: Behaviorism Comparison between two descriptions of behavior Essay by njzbdboy, High School, 12th grade, A+, February download word file, 3 pages download word file, 3 pages 4 votes4/5(4).
Aug 09, · The chapter compares the theories of B.F. Skinner with those of Carl Rogers. These two psychologists see behavior quite differently. Skinner, a determinist, believes that all behavior can be traced to a causal relationship with the environment, or, more technically, to contingency cycles of positive or negative reinforcement or punishment.
F. Skinner felt that classical conditioning can explain some apsects of human nature. However Skinner believed that operant conditioning plays a much greater role in shaping human nature.
In operant conditioning the individual learns that a certain behavior can produce a certain consequence.
Apr 20, · Houghton Mifflin Company, New York The debate transcribed in this book between Rogers and Skinner is famous, it creates a map for the debate between the client centered and operant behavioral schools of therapeutic thought.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between the theories of B.F. Skinner and Carl R. Rogers. In sections 2 and 3, the author discusses the Skinnerian and Rogerian theories by selecting and explicating key elements and delineating the general, comprehensive, theoretical position of each.Download